Perception of Intelligence

Different cultures conceptualize and measure components of intelligence in various ways. Some cultures value a person’s ability to quickly process and respond to information. Other cultures may value one’s ability to consult with members of the same culture who have more life experience in order to solve problems. Still, other cultures value creativity, formal education, and literacy as a basis of intelligence. With so many variations in cultural beliefs, how do researchers ensure accurate measurements of intelligence among different cultures? For example, can standardized tests of intellectual ability from a Western culture adequately and appropriately measure the intelligence valued by Kpelle farmers in Liberia?

For this Assignment, consider how cultures interpret intelligence differently. Reflect on how various cultures measure intelligence. Use your Final Project culture of interest and, in addition, select another culture that defines intelligence differently. Consider how you might test different cognitive abilities (e.g., memory, organization, and visualization) in each of these two different cultures.

The Assignment (4–5 pages)

  • Describe the two cultures (South African and Arabic Cultures please) you selected and compare how each culture perceives intelligence.
  • Explain three cultural factors that might influence how intelligence is perceived in each culture you selected.
  • Explain how you might measure intelligence in each culture and why you selected this method.
  • Support your responses using the Learning Resources and the current literature.

Discussion Board area

Within the Discussion Board area, write at least 350-550 words that will respond to the following questions with your thoughts, ideas, and comments. This will be the foundation for future discussions by your classmates. Be substantive and clear and use examples to reinforce your ideas:  Organizations must abide by federal, state, and local laws and regulations. Breaking the law may have consequences such as fines, lawsuits, and even shutdown of corporate facilities. To maintain compliance, organizations develop policies that guide the ethical behavior of employees. In order to explore the differences between laws and policies, please discuss the following:  Describe the difference between a policy and a law and provide an example of each.  Does a company policy override a local, state, or federal law or does a local, state, or federal law override a company policy? Provide justification for your reasoning.  Research and describe an example of an incident when a company broke a federal, state, or local law. What were the consequences of breaking the law? What policies did the company change because of the incident?

human resources department

1000-1200 word count  Within organizations, the human resources department is considered an ally by some managers and a barrier by others. The legal requirements of managing HR require you to be the dispenser of policies, procedures, and rules at times and a trusted counselor and guide at other times. There are varying perspectives on the value HR policies bring to an organization. In other words, the policies, procedures, or rules may be viewed as tools that help or hinder leaders from managing their people and will either detract from or enhance company performance. When not properly aligned with the company’s goals, they can negatively affect the success of the organization. You know that you need to review the current HR policies, procedures, and rules and anticipate that you may be recommending changes, additions, or deletions. Because you are still new and solidifying your position within the company, you are concerned that missteps now will cost you your “place at the table.”   You decide to consult with your mentor-an experienced, powerful HR executive at another company. She presents the following for you to consider:  •What steps will you take in your policy, procedure, and HR rules review with the jewelry company?   •What will that involve? As you consider their HR policies, how will you ensure they are effectively aligned with what you see as the company’s goals?   •If you find areas where policy revision is needed, how will you present your recommendations?   •How do you feel your recommendations will be viewed?   •Do you anticipate resistance? If so, what plan do you have to overcome that?   •What do you see as the possible outcome from policy revision in terms of impact on the company’s performance?   •Write her an e-mail addressing these issues.   Note: You are required to use a minimum of 2 scholarly references in your research. Ensure that citations and references are formatted in compliance with APA style.

Price Sensitivity

1-2 paragraphs

” Price Sensitivity” Please respond to the following:

  • Analyze the techniques for measuring price sensitivity. Select an industry that you are interested in and determine the type of measurement procedure you would most likely use and explain why.
  • Provide an example of when an estimate of price sensitivity could benefit and an example of when it could harm the effectiveness of a pricing strategy.

PowerPoint Presentation slides

Deliverable length: 5-8 PowerPoint Presentation slides with speaker notes (excluding the title and reference slide); including detailed speaker notes of 200-250 words speaker notes for each slide   As the new HR manager of a jewelry company, you have put together some preliminary reports for the CEO. One of the reports you compiled focuses on employee turnover. The jewelry company is an organization with aggressive expansion goals. In the last 2 years, the company has continually hired new employees, yet it has not achieved the staffing levels it desired. The company knew that some employees had left the organization, but turnover rates have not been formally tracked.   After your preliminary fact-finding, you were surprised to discover that the turnover rate for the past year was 38%. You know the CEO will not be pleased with this turnover rate, and you have made the decision to prepare yourself more before presenting the report to the CEO. Turnover presents a significant cost for an organization, so you recognize that this will be an opportunity for you to demonstrate how you can partner with the executive team to turn this situation around and help the company be more competitive. Prepare a short presentation for the CEO on the situation and possible reasons as to why employees are leaving at such a high rate.  As you are preparing your presentation, consider the following:  •In detail, discuss several of the reasons why employees tend to leave organizations.  •You plan to present the financial impact to the CEO to get a real sense of the significance of the situation. What factors will you consider in preparing this financial estimate? For this assignment, you are not required to determine the actual dollar figure, but instead, you are to consider what would contribute to the cost of turnover.   •Being proactive, what measures can be taken to assess the morale of current employees, and how likely they are to leave or stay?   •What process do you recommend for partnering with the management team to reduce turnover in the upcoming years?   •As you consider your role, how will you position this to the CEO to demonstrate the value you can bring to addressing this problem?

week’s discussion board forum

Choose an organization that you would like to discuss in this week’s discussion board forum. Make sure that you choose an organization that no one has yet posted on in this week’s forum. The organization can be one of your favorites as a consumer, or it might be an organization where you had a poor consumer experience. It could be any organization you are interested in. Once you have chosen the organization you wish to discuss, go to their website, locate the page where the board of directors is listed, and post a link to it in your discussion board post.

1. Do you feel that the composition of the organization’s board of directors incorporates enough diversity and inclusion? Why or why not?

2. Do you think demographics should be considered when board appointments are made? For the organization you examined in your post, would you have any recommendations next time the board has a vacancy and a new board member will be appointed? How would you approach this situation?



I selected Wells Fargo’s Board of Directors (BOD) as I am a long time team member of the company (Wells Fargo Bank, 2017). I believe the composition of the organization’s BOD incorporates is somewhat diverse and inclusive. Of the sixteen board members only five are women and all five are white, while the remaining members are men of many diverse dimensions. Each member has significant experience in different fields of expertise. I believe the composition is very diverse however I would like to see more women on the BOD to include women from other backgrounds and cultures.

I believe demographics should be considered when appointing board members because different ages, cultures and environments provide different perspectives and leadership styles that are important to growing any business. The BOD of Wells Fargo provides a wide variety of cultures and environments but does not include a variety in age. At least that is my perception from the photos on the website. I believe that all age groups should be included in the BOD along with a few members that do not have the significant experience as the existing board, possibly former or current team members. I believe adding current or former team members will allow the BOD to understand what may be going on inside the business whereas not always can the BOD identify failures or negative aspects of the business. Outside of numbers and statistics, the environment of the workplace can shed light on many areas that need improvement or areas that need to implement successes from other areas.


Wells Fargo Bank. (2017). Leadership and Governance. Retrieved from Wells Fargo:

Public Health Policy Reform In The United States

Overview: For this assignment, you will submit a brief, 2-page paper discussing policy reform in the United States. Currently, the U.S. constitution limits whether and how government agencies or actors can conduct sweeping policy reforms.

Specifically, the following critical element must be addressed:

Restrictions: Identify some examples of how the U.S. government is restricted from adopting sweeping policy reform to address an identified public health issue.

Pros and Cons: Explain at least one pro and one con of that restriction.

Alternative: Conclude by proposing an alternative way to solve the public health issue. Be sure your proposal considers population health improvement.

Guidelines for Submission: The short paper should follow these formatting guidelines: at least 2 pages in length in MS Word format, double spaced, with 12-point Times New Roman font, one-inch margins, and at least 3 citations in APA style.

Quantitative Business Analysis – Case Study

-one Excel file to complete this case study, and use one spreadsheet for one problem.

-using Excel, for which your Excel worksheet is not fully functional, or for which you have not shown all of the calculations or other work performed to derive your answer(s)

-use Microsoft Excel to complete each problem and submit a single Excel spreadsheet that contains a separate worksheet (i.e., separate tab) for each problem.

-have each worksheet be clearly labeled to identify the associated problem.

-to show all calculations or other work performed to derive your answer(s) for each problem. have your spreadsheet be fully functional (i.e., configured to allow the reader to not only see all numerical values, but also be able to see the underlying formula associated with each calculated value).

-to label your work in each worksheet to clearly identify the nature of each piece of data or calculated value.

-Wal-Mart is the second largest retailer in the world, and it holds monthly data on Wal-Mart’s revenue, along with several possibly related economic variables. The data file is attached

(a) Develop a linear regression model to predict Wal-Mart revenue, using CPI as the only independent variable.

(b) Develop a linear regression model to predict Wal-Mart revenue, using Personal Consumption as the only independent variable.

(c) Develop a linear regression model to predict Wal-Mart revenue, using Retail Sales Index as the only independent variable.

(d) Which of these three models is the best? Use R-square values, Significance F values, p-values and other appropriate criteria to explain your answer.

(e) Generate a residual plot and a line fit plot for the best model in part (d) and comment on what you see.

Identify and remove the four cases corresponding to December revenue.

(f) Develop a linear regression model to predict Wal-Mart revenue, using CPI as the only independent variable.

(g) Develop a linear regression model to predict Wal-Mart revenue, using Personal Consumption as the only independent variable.

(h) Develop a linear regression model to predict Wal-Mart revenue, using Retail Sales Index as the only independent variable.

(i) Which of these three models is the best? Use R-square values, Significance F values, p-values and other appropriate criteria to explain your answer.

(j) Generate a residual plot and a line fit plot for the best model in part (i) and comment on what you see.

(k) Comparing the results of parts (d) and (i), which of these two models is better? Use R-square values, Significance F values, p-values and other appropriate criteria to explain your answer

ENG 111      Documented Essay   /      What’s Next: A Look Ahead         


“Research is facts; just as houses are made of stones, so is research is made of facts; but a pile of stones is not a house, and a collection of facts is not necessarily research.” 
Henri Poincare

This essay provides an introduction to research and using documented outside sources in your writing. Document means that you include reference information for sources in your essay and then list these citations at the end of the essay according to MLA style format.

For this essay you should write an essay presenting a “new” idea for readers that is supported by credible expert sources. You should notwrite report on an idea that readers know a lot about or are fairly familiar with.

Note this: Your essay should offer readers something valuable about a chosen topic and your perspective on it—the guiding theme for this semester is this: What’s Next: A Look Ahead (your essay must consider what the future holds related to your issue or topic)

The primary characteristic of this essay requires that you take an active role in selecting a topic that genuinely interests you and that you needor desire to know more about.  This is important. This essay is not a report or telling of facts about a topic that readers will not care about.

To receive full credit, this essay should be written in four integrated sections:

  1. Create Context indicating a      reason to write about this particular topic
  2. Reveal a significant point      that readers will benefit knowing about
  3. Present common assumptions, beliefs, ideas then focus on a new perspective or point
  4. Support your ideas/claims with information and      relevant examples from credible      cited sources

You should use reputable and diverse sources (print or non-print current articles, books and reliable Internet websites). The authors of these sources should be credentialed (tell who they are and why we should believe them) in your essay and have credible reputations. You should use Figure an image/photo/graph as part of your essay and one block passage (5 line or more passage from a source).

You must integrate and credential quoted phrases and limit the citing of full sentences from these sources in your essay.

You must prepare and include a short properly MLA formatted Works Cited section for your essay.

Research Paper MPPA

Research paper expectations: All work submitted must be typewritten and double spaced, using a 12-point font, with 1 inch margins on all four sides and properly footnoted. Plagiarism will result in a failing grade. The grading of the paper will be based on:

· Your ability to provide a viewpoint on the topic to back up your opinions provided with research materials.

· Clarity and organization of the essay.

· Appropriate citations and reference throughout the essay (footnotes, bibliography, etc.).

· Correct grammar, spelling and form.

· Unexcused late essays will be reduced by one-half a grade per day.

· The paper/essay should between 15 or more pages in length. Note: If you are using this paper for the MLA capstone requirement, it should be 17- 20 pages or more in length (see special MLA note below).


Suggested Current Issues in Public Policy and Administration Research Paper Topics

· Agenda Setting and Policy Making

· Privatization

· Public Choice Theory

· Intergovernmental Relations

· An American Fear/Loathing of Bureaucracy

· Organizational Studies and the Worker

· Civil Service Reform

· Inclusion and Exclusion

· Budgets as Policy Documents

· Formal and Informal Organizations

· The impact of reinventing government on public organizations

· Factors affecting employee satisfaction

· Decision-Making Theories

· Effective Communication

· Citizen Participation in Public Organizations

· Organizational culture

· Street-Level Bureaucracy

· Mentoring

· Discretion in Public Sector Organizations

· Alternative management styles within organizations

· Participative management

· Leadership within organizations

· Public service motivation

· Group conflict within organizations

· E-Government

· Technology within organizations

· Alternative organizational structures

· Motivation and performance

· Centralization and decentralization of authority

· Effective organizational communication

· Managing Conflict within organizations

· Relationship between organizational culture and merging organizations

· The impact of alternative employment relationships (i.e. use of temporary workers) on organizational behavior

· Administrative reform in China, Nigeria, Mexico, or another nation

· Administrative reform of the United Nations

· Aging population and the pension/medical care time bomb (in the US, Western Europe, or Japan)

· Anti-corruption strategies (foreign government/international non-governmental organizations would work best here)

· Civil service reform in developing nations

· New public management

· New public governance

Paper Organization Guidelines

Good writing is clear thinking made evident, but too often we find writing without enough of the underlying thinking. It’s seductive to worry about the external appearance of writing, finding just the right font style and formatting, putting off the harder work of reasoning out the underlying message. Any good long-form research essay writing requires an understanding of the key moving parts: including study justification, concept explication, and a narrowing down of the research questions. Organizing a paper clearly, with a clear logical structure, is a difficult task, given that most of us have been trained to write using simple word processor programs like MSWord with its inherent linear, stream-of-writing bias. That’s why I recommend writing with an outline as a tool to help visualize and easily manipulate your paper’s structure. That, in turn, helps establish a logical flow as you set out an issue and elaborate on key topics, and it supports inductive sorting and grouping of related points as they are developed.

Some suggested formats for the paper:

1. Polemic in Defense of Public Administration/Management

Your polemic is “an argument, especially one that is a refutation or an attack upon a specified opinion, doctrine, or the like.” For example, MPA students in Texas have written on “The Trial Court System in Texas: A Case for Bureaucracy in the Third Branch.” Your polemic should not be a blind defense of bureaucracy out of loyalty to your agency, individuals, or a doctrine. Rather, it requires you to confront the myths and stereotypes surrounding public administration and bureaucracy and to explore the utility and effectiveness of bureaucracy with evidence and eloquence. One can use Charles Goodsell’s book, The Case for Bureaucracy, 4th edition, as a reference.

2. Policy Analysis

This paper analyzes a significant public policy from a series of perspectives, including, but not limited to the following: 1) administrative, 2) efficiency, 3) social equity or justice, 4) legal & political; and 5) economic. Policy analysis originates in politics, channeling political conflict while building community. He also points out that policy analysis serves opposing sides. While cases and public policies may differ, but the following questions help you to structure a paper. 1. What is the policy problem? Define it specifically and present your problem statement. Make sure you are clear as to the policy goals. 2. What are the value conflicts? 3. What is the context of the policy (administrative, political, legal, etc.)? 4. What are the relevant facts? Describe what happened and the influential actors and their institutional contexts. Who supports the policy and who does not? Why or why not? 5. What public administration theories and analytical approaches are relevant for understanding and evaluating this policy problem? 6. Analysis: What are the central issues raised by the policy case? 7. Analysis: What are the major factors in the development of the policy, the implementation of the policy, or the evaluation of the policy? 8. What are the costs/benefits of the policy and which groups are affected? 9. What alternatives are appropriate for addressing this policy problem? Why are these approaches appropriate? 10. What recommendations emerge from this analysis? Justify them. 11. What are the conclusion and the political implications?

3. A Position Paper

A position paper is similar to a policy analysis. This assignment marshals the arguments in support of or against a specific policy, program, or issue. Normally, the best form for a position paper is to present the opposing arguments in their best light, and then expose their weaknesses. After that, the writer is obliged to offer a suitable substitute and argue why it is better. The conclusion should also point out why this issue is important to public administration and the role of government (or governments).


When faced with a problem, what do you do to solve it? This assignment asks you to apply a six-step to problem solving process to a specific problem scenario. You will write a paper that presents a synthesis of your ideas about solving the problem using this systematic approach.  As Voltaire said, “No problem can withstand the assault of sustained thinking.”

Choose one (1) of the problem scenarios as a topic choice for your paper.

Scenario 2:  Your child comes home from school with an assignment sheet for a school project. He / she is very excited about the project and begins work immediately, doing research on the Internet and gathering materials. You read over the assignment sheet and notice that your child is not including all of the required items in the project, and you have some ideas for how to improve the quality of the presentation. You recently read an article in a parenting magazine about the importance of a child developing responsibility for his/ her own learning. You recall the many ways in which your parents took over your school projects. You, on the other hand, want to encourage your child’s confidence in his / her ability to complete a project independently. The next day, you are at the grocery store when you see a parent of a student in your child’s class. That parent has spent over $30 in supplies for the science project and is taking a day off of work to put the pieces of the project together.

Scenario 6: Scenario 6: Student’s Choice – Problem scenario presented by you.

Review the six-step problem solving process outlined in the webtext, based on the article “The Problem Solving Process” located at

  • Step One: Define the problem
  • Step Two: Analyze the problem
  • Step Three: Generate options
  • Step Four: Evaluate options
  • Step Five: Make your decision
  • Step Six: Implement and reflect

Write a four to five (4-5) page paper in which you:
1. Define the problem in the scenario that you have chosen.
2. Analyze the problem in the scenario.
3. Generate options for solving the problem in the scenario.
4. Evaluate the options for solving the problem.
5. Decide on the best option for solving the problem.
6. Explain how you will implement the decision made and reflect on whether this option was the most effective.

The paper should follow guidelines for clear and organized writing:

  • Include an introductory paragraph and concluding paragraph.
  • Address main ideas in body paragraphs with a topic sentence and supporting sentences.
  • Adhere to standard rules of English grammar, punctuation, mechanics, and spelling.